What is spondylolisthesis?
Spondylolisthesis is a spinal disorder in which one or more vertebrae become displaced toward the front of the body, usually in the lumbar spine (lower back), commonly following a fracture. Any movement or activity that causes pressure on the vertebrae can cause its onset, such as improper bending or lifting, gymnastics, or high-impact sports.
Types of spondylolisthesis
Spondylolisthesis is generally classified in five different types:
- Isthmic—Low-grade, from a slip or fracture
- Degenerative—Resulting from arthritis or joint remodeling
- Traumatic—Rare, from acute fracture
- Pathologic—Damage resulting from disease or tumor
- Dysplastic—Rare, from congenital malformation
Treatment for spondylolisthesis can be either surgical or noninvasive. A combination of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and physical therapy can often help manage pain or swelling.