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Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are some of the most common forms of injuries encountered by athletes. They occur when one of the four main ligaments in the knee, called the ACL, tears, leaving the knee less stable.
An Achilles tendon injury is an injury that happens to the largest tendon in the human body: the fibrous tissue that connects the two large muscles in the back of your calf with your heel bone. These muscles (the gastrocnemius and the soleus) create the power needed to push off with your foot or rise up on your toes.
An ankle fracture occurs when one or more than one bone that makes up the ankle joint—and possibly its ligaments—breaks at or near the joint. Every year, 184 people out of every 100,000 sustain ankle fractures. This number has been going up (and the broken ankles have been getting more serious) in the last 30 years due to the increased activity of older people that has accompanied the aging of the “baby boomers.” Emergency rooms saw 1.2 million visits in 2003 because of ankle fractures alone.
Arthritis of the hip is a condition that causes the hip joint and surrounding connective tissue to be inflamed, causing pain, swelling and limited movement of the hip. Depending on the type of hip arthritis, symptoms can range from pain and swelling in the joints to difficulty using or moving the joint in a normal way.
Arthritis of the knee is a condition that causes inflammation, pain, swelling and limited movement of the knee joint and connective tissues around the knee. Arthritis is one of more than 100 types of rheumatic diseases (diseases that affect joints and connective tissues).
Shoulder and elbow arthritis are conditions in which the joints in your shoulders and elbows are inflamed.
Basal joint arthritis is a degenerative disease that wears down the cartilage surrounding the joint. Cartilage is a protective covering that surrounds the ends of the bones and allows them to glide and move smoothly. Without the cartilage, the bone ends rub against one another, causing both friction and damage to the bones and the joint.
Back and neck pain are among the most common conditions people suffer from. For some, back and neck pain is an annoyance or inconvenience; for others, it can be debilitating. Back and neck pain can also be a sign of serious underlying degenerative, neuromuscular, or musculoskeletal disorders.
Bone cancer is a condition in which cells grow abnormally within the bones. There are two types of bone cancer: primary bone cancer, which starts in the bones, and secondary bone cancer, which starts in another part of the body and travels to the bones. Secondary bone cancer is the most common of the two.
Bone metastases (or bone mets) are most often found in the spine, followed by the hip bone (pelvis), upper leg bone (femur), upper arm bone (humerus), ribs and the skull. The metastatic cells look and act like the malignant (cancerous) cells where the cancer began, and get the same care.
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