What is glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a group of disorders in which the main risk factor is high fluid pressure within the eye. All forms of glaucoma are characterized by vision loss caused by damage to the optic nerve. Often called the “sneak thief” of sight, glaucoma is generally asymptomatic and people with glaucoma may lose their vision without expecting it. Regular eye exams are the best way to detect glaucoma before it's too late.
The Department of Ophthalmology at Manhattan Eye, Ear, and Throat Hospital (MEETH) provides comprehensive glaucoma care and second opinion consultations for patients with all forms of glaucoma. Our physicians are nationally and internationally recognized for their research and their diagnostic and surgical expertise. As the leading ocular imaging center in the nation, we perform optic nerve, macula and aqueous drainage pathway structure analyses for accurate diagnosis, evaluation of disease progression and best surgical outcome.
Although there's no cure for glaucoma, medical, laser and surgical treatments can control it to preserve vision. Our laser centers are equipped with cutting-edge glaucoma laser treatment devices. Selective laser trabeculoplasty helps facilitate fluid drainage from the eye, thereby lowering the eye pressure and controlling glaucoma. In patients with current or impending angle closure, laser iridotomy is performed to create a hole in the iris to improve the flow of aqueous fluid in the eye, relieving or preventing elevated eye pressure.
Our state-of-the-art diagnostic facilities include:
- Spectral-domain and swept-source optical coherence tomography
- Adaptive optics optic nerve and retina imaging
- Ultrasound biomicroscopy
- Confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy
- Computerized visual field testing
In addition to the standard glaucoma surgeries to lower eye pressure (such as trabeculectomy and tube shunt surgeries), we also offer minimally invasive glaucoma surgeries, including iStent, canaloplasty and trabectome. These procedures have a higher safety profile with fewer complications and a more rapid recovery time than standard glaucoma surgeries.