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What is dilation and curettage?

A dilation and curettage procedure, also known as a D&C, is a procedure that removes tissue from your uterus. Your physician can use a D&C to diagnose and treat abnormal bleeding. During a D&C, your cervix is dilated and a surgical instrument (curette) is used to remove uterine tissue for testing.

Our approach

Our professionals are highly skilled in the use of both diagnostic and therapeutic dilation and curettage procedures. We are dedicated to educating you on the procedure, its purpose and the associated risks.

Why it's done

A D&C can be used as a diagnostic or therapeutic procedure. It can be used to detect the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding, polyps, fibroids, cancer or infertility issues. Your doctor may suggest a D&C if you have:

  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Postmenopausal bleeding
  • Abnormal endometrial cells found during a Pap test
  • Abnormal lesion of the uterine lining found on pelvic imaging

A D&C may also be used to treat uterine polyps. In addition, a suction D&C can be used to remove tissues after a miscarriage, abortion or pieces of a placenta after childbirth.


Complications involved with a D&C include:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Puncture of uterine wall
  • Infection
  • Scar tissue development
  • Cramping
  • Preparing for treatment

Before a D&C, you should discuss any current medical conditions with your doctor, as some conditions can complicate this procedure. Your doctor will conduct a full medical history before the treatment and advise you on any specific preparations.

What to expect after treatment

After a D&C you may experience:

  • Mild cramping
  • Light spotting
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