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What is traumatic brain injury treatment (TBI)?

Following a traumatic brain injury, you will undergo a comprehensive evaluation and diagnosis to determine the best treatment for you. TBI symptoms or head trauma can be mild, moderate or severe, depending on the extent and cause of the brain damage.

Our approach

Our Traumatic Brain Injury Center offers diagnostic tests to help assess the severity, location and type of injury to the brain, including:

  • Blood test—A test that can measure one protein called brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), taken within 24 hours of someone's head injury, could predict the severity of a TBI
  • X-ray—A diagnostic test that uses invisible electromagnetic energy beams to produce images of the skull and spine onto film
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)—A diagnostic procedure that uses a combination of large magnets, radio frequencies and a computer to produce detailed images of the nervous system
  • Computed tomography scan (CT or CAT scan)—A diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a combination of X-rays and computer technology to produce cross-sectional images, or slices, of the body, both horizontally and vertically
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)—A procedure that records the brain's continuous electrical activity by means of electrodes attached to the scalp

Types

If you’ve suffered a mild TBI, treatment may include rest, observation, stitches, bandages and/or topical antibiotics. With moderate or severe TBI or head trauma, more extensive treatment may be required, including hospitalization for observation, surgery and rehabilitation.

Specific treatment of a TBI will be determined by the physician based on these factors:

  • Age, overall health and medical history of the patient
  • Extent of the head injury
  • Type of head injury
  • Patient's tolerance for specific medications, procedures or therapies
  • Expectations for the course of the head injury
  • Patient's opinion or preference
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