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What is essential tremor treatment?

Essential tremor can be a frustrating and debilitating condition. Fortunately, there are a variety of treatment options that can help reduce your symptoms. The treatment of essential tremors depends on the cause and severity of your tremor. If your essential tremor is not disabling, it may not require specific treatment. If the tremor is due to an identified, correctable cause (like hyperthyroidism or a medication), the underlying problem should be addressed first.

Types of treatment

  • Occupational therapy: Conservative essential tremor treatment options include occupational therapy.
  • Medications: Several medications can be tried to reduce the severity of the tremors. The most common include primidone and beta-blockers like propranolol and metoprolol (also used for high blood pressure).
  • Alcohol: Some patients find their tremors improve with alcohol. In some cases, this can be used sparingly for specific situations in consultation with your doctor.
  • Injections: Essential tremors that affect your head may be treated with botulinum injections into the overactive neck muscles.
  • Surgery: For more severe tremors, medications and injections are often insufficient in controlling the symptoms. For these cases, deep brain stimulation (DBS) can be an effective essential tremor treatment.
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