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What is seizure treatment?

There are a variety of medical and surgical treatment options to control and prevent seizures. Anti-seizure medication is usually the first course of action and is often highly effective. Your doctor will start with a low dosage and adjust this based upon what is needed to control your seizures. Side effects of medication may include nausea, decreased appetite, dizziness and insomnia. Additional seizure treatments may include lifestyle changes. If these treatment options are not effective in controlling seizures, surgery may be recommended.


Surgery should only be considered if anti-seizure medications have not been effective at controlling seizures. As with any surgery, there are general risks with procedures to control focal seizures. These include blood clots, blood loss, heart attack, stroke and reaction to medication.


Following surgical seizure treatment, you will typically stay in the hospital for several days. Most patients are able to return to normal activities within six to eight weeks.


After epilepsy surgeries, 90 percent of patients are either seizure-free or have reduced seizures one year after surgery. Although the surgery should help minimize your seizures, you will have to continue to take anti-seizure medication prescribed by your doctor.

Possible side effects

You may experience side effects after surgery, including:

  • Scalp numbness
  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Headaches
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Loss of memory
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