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What is Parkinson's disease?

Parkinson's disease (also known as idiopathic or primary parkinsonism, hypokinetic rigid syndrome or paralysis agitans) is a chronic and progressive neurodegenerative disorder primarily affecting motor function.

Symptoms

The most common set of symptoms—including tremors, sluggishness, stiffness and impaired posture, balance, and/or coordination—are collectively referred to as Parkinson’s syndrome.

Causes

Depending on the suspected etiology, Parkinson’s disease is classified as being either primary/idiopathic, meaning there is a genetic or unknown reason for its onset, or secondary, which denotes known causes such as environmental toxins or a history of head injury. Scientists are also exploring the possibility that cellular loss in other areas of the brain and body could be contributing factors, which could lead to improved prevention, detection and treatment success.

Types of treatment

Though there currently is no cure, symptoms can be alleviated through medication, diet changes, some types of surgery and multidisciplinary management.

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