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What is anoxia/hypoxia brain injury?

Oxygen is essential for brain function. When oxygen levels drop to a dangerous level, brain cells begin to die. This can lead to an anoxia/hypoxia brain injury. Also called a cerebral hypoxia or hypoxic-anoxic injury (HAI), this condition can cause permanent cognitive problems and disabilities, and it can even be life-threatening. When the injury is due to a partial lack of oxygen, this injury is referred to as hypoxic, and when there is a complete lack of oxygen, it is called anoxic

Our approach

The Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Northwell Health Institute for Neurology and Neurosurgery expertly handles brain injuries caused by sudden brain trauma. Our compassionate team of neurosurgeons and neurologists is available 24/7 to offer the latest diagnostic technology and treatment options for patients with traumatic brain injuries, including anoxia/hypoxia brain injuries.


Causes of anoxia/hypoxia brain injuries include:

  • Heart attack
  • Heart arrhythmia
  • Extreme low blood pressure
  • Carbon monoxide inhalation
  • Respiratory arrest
  • Drowning
  • Electrical shock
  • Brain tumors
  • Poisoning
  • Choking
  • Injury to the trachea
  • Respiratory conditions that prevent proper breathing
  • Suffocation
  • Drug overdose

We provide leading-edge diagnosis and treatment of brain injuries caused by sudden brain trauma, using the broad array of medical and support services available across Northwell Health Institute for Neurology and Neurosurgery.

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