Diabetic foot infection and ulceration
Neuropathy and blood vessel disease associated with diabetes can cause a variety of diabetic foot conditions, including ulcerations and infections. The nerves of the feet are the longest in the body and often are affected by neuropathy. When a diabetes patient loses sensation in the feet, sores or injuries may go unnoticed until ulcers and infections develop.
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), more than half of non-traumatic lower-limb amputations in the United States occur among people with diabetes.
Diabetics who suffer from neuropathy may develop cuts, blisters, scrapes or sores that may go unnoticed due to the insensitivity. If these injuries go untreated, they can result in serious ulcerations, infections and even amputation.
Diabetic foot conditions are caused by a combination of neuropathy and poor circulation. Daily observation and preventative foot care are critical for preventing foot-related injuries.