If you’ve decided you no longer require your childbearing abilities, there are several approaches to permanent sterilization, or permanent birth control. During a sterilization operation, our experts close, or block your fallopian tubes, eliminating your ability to get pregnant. These procedures can be performed at any age.
Typically, a woman would choose to undergo a permanent sterilization procedure because she no longer needs her childbearing abilities. Reasons could include medical situations, disabilities or a lack of desire to get pregnant.
Procedures for permanent sterilization include:
- Nonsurgical tubal occlusion — During this procedure, which can performed in your doctor’s office under local anesthesia, our expert team uses a hysteroscope to place micro inserts through your vagina and cervix, into the opening of your fallopian tubes. This procedure doesn’t require an incision. The inserted device causes your body to form a tissue-like barrier, which prevents sperm from reaching an egg. Your doctor may ask you to return after a couple of months to ensure the tubes are completely blocked.
- Tubal ligation — A tubal ligation is a procedure that involves the blockage of your fallopian tubes. It is a surgery that cuts, bands or cauterizes your tubes to prevent pregnancy. This procedure can be completed with a laparoscopy. During a laparoscopy, your surgeon will make a small incision in your abdomen, insert a laparoscope, and close the tubes using bands, or an electric current. This can also be performed via a minilaparotomy, which involves a small incision in the abdomen. During this procedure, a section of each tube is removed, or the tubes can be removed completely. Sometimes, clips can be used to close off the tubes. This operation does not protect you from STDs.
The major risk involved with female sterilization is that if a pregnancy occurs, there is a chance it could be an ectopic pregnancy, a pregnancy in which the fertilized egg attaches somewhere outside of the uterus. Other risks and side effects for surgical procedures include:
- Light vaginal bleeding
- Adverse reaction to anesthesia
- Pelvic or abdominal pain
Before your treatment, you should discuss the benefits, risks and details of the procedure with your doctor. Your physician will advise you on any specific instructions related to your surgery.
After the procedure, you could experience:
- Abdominal pain/cramping
You should avoid any strenuous lifting, as well as intercourse for a couple of weeks after the procedure. Your doctor will give you specific instructions on any necessary follow-up appointments.