Dystonia medical treatment
Dystonia is a movement disorder that can cause your muscles to involuntarily contract, causing repetitive or twisting movements. Dystonia medical treatment depends on the underlying cause of the muscle contractions. When it is caused by a specific disease, it’s important to get treatment for this disease as a first step. When there is no evident cause, dystonia treatment focuses on improving the function of the involved body part. Conservative measures, particularly for focal dystonias, can involve physical and occupational therapy. When this alone is insufficient, medications can be used.
Treating Your Dystonia Symptoms
The most common dystonia medical treatment is medications that reduce the intensity of the overactive muscle groups. These include anticholinergic medications like trihexyphenidyl, benzodiazepines like clonazepam and muscle relaxants like baclofen. If the dystonia is focal, such as those involving just the neck, botulinum toxin can be injected into the overactive muscles. This generally needs to be repeated every three to four months.