Parkinson's disease, also known as idiopathic or primary parkinsonism, hypokinetic rigid syndrome, or paralysis agitans, is a chronic and progressive neurodegenerative disorder primarily affecting motor function. The most common set of symptoms, including tremors, sluggishness, stiffness, and impaired posture, balance, and/or coordination, are collectively referred to as Parkinson’s syndrome.
Depending on the suspected etiology, Parkinson’s disease is classified as being either primary/idiopathic, meaning there is a genetic or unknown reason for its onset, or secondary, which denotes known causes such as environmental toxins or a history of head injury. Scientists are also exploring the possibility that cellular loss in other areas of the brain and body could be contributing factors, which could lead to improved prevention, detection, and treatment success. Though there currently is no cure, symptoms can be alleviated through medication, diet changes, some types of surgery, and multidisciplinary management.
Your Path to Health and Wellness Starts Here
The General Neurology program of Northwell Health Neuroscience Institute is a multidisciplinary program focused on developing state-of-the-art diagnostic and therapeutic solutions for neurological disorders which involve the brain, spine, nerves and muscles.