Glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GN) is a pain syndrome that causes sharp, stabbing pain in the back of the throat, tongue, tonsils and middle ear. The pain can last from a few seconds to a few minutes. However, the pain can happen multiple times per day or as infrequently as once every few weeks.
Glossopharyngeal neuralgia attacks of pain sometimes happen after swallowing, drinking cold liquids, sneezing, coughing talking, clearing the throat or touching the gums. One cause of the condition is the compression of the glossopharyngeal nerve. Sometimes, it is associated with multiple sclerosis. It typically affects the elderly.
Glossopharyngeal neuralgia pain is treated first with medication. Surgery is an option if medication doesn’t effectively reduce the pain.
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