Dystonia is a chronic movement disorder which is either genetic or the result of changes or damage to the nervous system. Inaccurate signals from the brain cause repetitive, patterned, and at times painful, involuntary muscle contractions which may appear like a tremor. These movements can be periodic or sustained, may worsen with normal movements of the body, and can remain in one part of the body or extend to connecting muscles. Diagnosis can be complicated due to symptoms resembling other disorders and there is no known cure.

Although Dystonia can become debilitating in some cases, it rarely impairs cognitive functionality or becomes life threatening. Medications and physical therapy can improve symptoms and surgery is a viable treatment option.

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