Ataxia is a loss of voluntary movement and/or balance, a sign of neurological disruption or disorder. This can occur as a result of injury, infection, degenerative disease, or other diseases of the central nervous system, and can affect one or both sides of the body in the fingers, hands, arms, legs, trunk, mouth, tongue, or eyes, including sensation. Certain conditions that can cause ataxia include stroke, multiple sclerosis (MS), tumor growth, alcoholism, neuropathy, metabolic disorders, and vitamin deficiencies.
The term ataxia, which means without order or coordination, can also be used to describe a group of degenerative neurological diseases which are either hereditary or sporadic.
Treatment of ataxia depends on the underlying cause, and is focused on improving mobility, though complete recovery is rare. It may include certain medications, physical therapy, and/or occupational therapy.
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The Nerve Disorders Center of Northwell Health Neuroscience Institute is comprised of a multidisciplinary team of peripheral nerve disorders clinicians including physicians, nurse practitioners, psychological care providers and rehabilitation professionals.