Kyphoplasty is a surgical method of treating the pain caused by vertebral compression fractures. It stabilizes the vertebral structure and restores lost body height caused by the fracture. Osteoporosis and metastatic diseases (diseases that spread from one part of the body to another) are most often the cause of these vertebral compression fractures.
Osteoporosis is a bone disease that thins and weakens bones, making them more susceptible to fractures. Vertebral compression fractures due to osteoporosis happen to 750,000 people in the United States each year. Unfortunately a compression fracture is often misdiagnosed and mistakenly assumed to be general back pain from muscle strain or other soft tissue injuries. As a result, two-thirds of vertebral compression fractures are misdiagnosed each year.
Kyphoplasty is an effective surgical procedure for treating a compressed fracture of the spine. The spine surgeon injects bone cement through two small incisions on either side of the fractured vertebrae. X-ray equipment is used to identify the fracture and guide the surgeon through the procedure. The surgeon inserts an inflatable bone expander within the vertebra that expands the bone to normal height. The bone cement is then injected slowly into the space.
Kyphoplasty is an effective procedure for restoring vertebral body height, reducing pain and re-stabilizing the vertebral structure of the spine. Kyphoplasty delivers pain relief in as little as 12 to 48 hours after surgery. Satisfactory results are achieved in 90 percent of patients, many of whom are able to return to full activity and normal daily routines as early as two weeks after surgery.