Salmonella infections

Overview

Salmonella infections are diarrheal infections caused by the bacteria salmonella. The salmonella germ is actually a group of bacteria that can cause diarrheal illness in humans. There are many different kinds of salmonella bacteria.

Salmonella are transmitted from feces of people or animals to other people or animals. Contaminated foods are often animal in origin, such as beef, poultry, seafood, milk, or eggs. However, all foods, including some unwashed fruits and vegetables can become contaminated.

Symptoms

The following are the most common symptoms of salmonella infections. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection. Other symptoms may include chills, headache, nausea, or vomiting. 

The symptoms of salmonella infections may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your health care provider for a diagnosis.

Diagnosis

Since many different illnesses have symptoms similar to salmonella infections, diagnosis depends on laboratory tests that identify salmonella in the stools.

Treatment

These infections generally run their course in four to seven days and often no further treatment is required. However, patients with severe diarrhea may need rehydration with intravenous fluids. If the infection spreads from the intestines to the blood stream, prompt treatment with antibiotics will be necessary.

Specific treatment for salmonella infections will be determined by your health care provider based on:

  • Your overall health and medical history

  • Extent of the disease

  • Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies

  • Expectations for the course of the disease

  • Your opinion or preference

Prevention

Since foods of animal origin pose the greatest threat of salmonella contamination, do not eat raw or undercooked eggs, poultry, seafood, or meats. Remember that some sauces and desserts use raw eggs in their preparation, so be cautious of these, particularly in foreign countries. Also, follow these recommendations by the CDC:

  • Make sure all poultry, meats, seafood, and eggs, are well-cooked. Food containing any of these ingredients should be cooked to an internal temperature of 165 degrees Fahrenheit (73.8 degrees Celsius). 

  • Do not consume raw or unpasteurized milk or other dairy products.

  • Do not consume raw or undercooked eggs. Discard cracked eggs. Keep eggs refrigerated.  

  • Thoroughly wash produce before eating it.

  • Avoid cross-contamination of foods. Uncooked meats should be kept separate from produce, cooked foods, and ready-to-eat foods.

  • All utensils, including cutting boards, knives, and counters, should be thoroughly washed after handling uncooked foods.

  • Thoroughly wash hands before handling foods and between handling different food items.

  • Thoroughly wash hands after contact with feces.

  • Thoroughly wash hands after handling any reptiles or birds, since reptiles and birds are particularly likely to carry salmonella.

(888) 321-DOCS

Make an appointment

Call (888) 321-3627 to schedule an appointment with one of our experts. Representatives are available on weekdays from 8:00a.m. to 6:00p.m. and weekends from 9:00a.m. to 5:00pm. You may also leave a voicemail message after regular business hours, and we will return your call. Request an appointment If this is an emergency dial 911.

Contact an urgent care center

(516) 396-8500
Bethpage urgent care center

(718) 925-6565
Rego Park urgent care center

If this is an emergency dial 911