Chronic myofascial pain

Chronic myofascial pain (CMP) is a common disorder that affects skeletal muscles, which are connected to bones and help you move. It also affects the tissue (called fascia) that surrounds the muscles.

Symptoms of chronic myofascial pain (CMP)

Because skeletal muscles make up about half of your body weight, you can experience CMP almost anywhere in the body. Common symptoms include:

  • Trigger points of very sensitive, painful areas within the muscle
  • Referred pain that begins at trigger points but is felt in other parts of the body
  • Muscle weakness, tingling or stiffness
  • Pain that prevents you from sleeping

Causes of chronic myofascial pain

Patients who have lived with chronic conditions for years may develop CMP. However, the exact causes are unknown. Some possible factors related to CMP include:

  • Muscle overuse or strain
  • Stress or fatigue
  • Anxiety or depression
  • Trauma to the affected area
  • Mechanical problems: One leg longer than the other, poor posture
  • Poor techniques during exercise or work activities

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