Balloon dilation is a minimally invasive procedure that reopens the sinus pathways and restores drainage. Learn more at the New York Head and Neck Institute.


Banding, also called band ligation, is a treatment for complications due to cirrhosis and is performed during an upper endoscopy. This can be used to stop the bleeding from enlarged veins that may occur in the esophagus or upper stomach...


A barium enema, also called a lower GI series, involves filling the large intestine with diluted barium liquid while X-ray images are being taken. Barium enemas are used to diagnose disorders of the large intestine and rectum...


A barium swallow (also known as a barium esophagogram or upper GI series) is an examination of the esophagus and stomach using barium to coat the walls of the upper digestive tract so that it may be examined under X-ray...


If the surgeon cannot completely remove bile duct cancer, he or she may do a bypass to lessen symptoms caused by the cancer. For example, if the cancer is blocking the bile ducts and bile builds up behind the blockage, surgery can help relieve the obstruction...


Colonoscopy is a diagnostic procedure that allows the doctor to examine the entire length of the large intestine. Colonoscopy can assist in identifying problems with the colon, such as early signs of cancer, inflamed tissue, ulcers, and bleeding...


An endoscope is a small, flexible tube with a light and a lens or tiny video camera on the end used to look into the esophagus, stomach, duodenum, colon, rectum, or other organs...


The gastrointestinal pathology service offers broad experience in adult gastrointestinal and pancreatic disease, including FNA, endoscopic biopsies and surgical specimens...


Resection (surgical removal of part of an organ or structure) and colostomy (surgical procedure where a piece of the colon is diverted to an artificial opening in the abdominal wall) are performed following a removal of a portion of the small intestine when the remaining parts of the intestine cannot be reattached, and an opening (stoma) is created for waste to pass through to the outside of the body...


A sigmoidoscopy is a diagnostic procedure that allows the doctor to examine the lower one-third of the large intestine. Sigmoidoscopy is helpful in identifying the causes of diarrhea, abdominal pain, constipation, abnormal growths, and bleeding...