Treatment for dementia varies depending on the cause. In cases of Alzheimer’s disease and other progressive types of dementia, there is no cure or treatment to slow or stop its progression. However, there are medications that may temporarily improve symptoms. These include:
- Cholinesterase inhibitors (Aricept, Exelon and Razadyne)
- Memantine (Namenda)
Dementia symptoms may also be treated with non-medicinal approaches, including:
- Occupational therapy
- Music therapy
- Pet therapy
- Art therapy
- Environment modifications
- Dietary supplements
- Herbal remedies
Medications to treat dementia symptoms can have side effects including nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. They are prescribed to temporarily improve symptoms but have not been shown to cure or stop symptoms of dementia.
Because there is no cure for most types of dementia, treatment is focused on managing symptoms. It’s important to work with your healthcare team on an ongoing basis to modify treatment as necessary.