Vestibular and Balance Disorders
Balance disorders arise when there is an interference with the elements of the body and brain that process sensory movements: the vestibular (ear) system, the visual (eye) system, and proprioception (the ability to determine where one’s body is in space). Disease, injury, genetics, or environmental factors can cause disruptions that produce a feeling of physical and/or mental disorientation. Medically, these sensations are classified as vertigo (spinning), disequilibrium (off-balance), and presyncope (lightheaded or faint).
Problems with balance may indicate a variety of underlying issues spanning from minor to severe, as wide in range as an ear infection, low blood pressure, inner ear disorders, brain tumors, or strokes.