Spondylolysis is a result of a defect in the thin piece of bone that connects the upper and lower segments of the facet joints of the vertebrae. The condition can lead to stress fractures in the vertebrae that can weaken bones and cause them to slip out of place, a condition called spondylolisthesis.
If you have spondylolysis, you may not even be aware of it as it often doesn’t present any symptoms. However, when symptoms occur, the common complaint is low back pain that can feel like muscle strain. Pain can become worse with increased exercise or activity. Spondylolysis often happens during the teen years, and genetics may be a factor.
Treatment of spondylolysis is focused on reducing pain. Often, over-the-counter medications are sufficient for treating the pain. However, in more severe cases, more aggressive treatment may be necessary.