Spasticity is a musculoskeletal disorder characterized by continuous contraction of the muscles, resulting in impaired movement, speech, or gait due to stiffness, tightness, or paralysis. Causes of spasticity are usually neurological injury to the part of the brain or spine which control voluntary movement, increasing the reflex of the tendons, which pull the bones together.

Treatments vary depending on the extent of spasticity, yet typically include exercise for mild or moderate cases prescribed and overlooked by a physician, physical or occupational therapist, physiologist, or other healthcare professional. In more moderate to severe cases, icing, serial casting, inhibitory pressure, sustained stretching, hydrotherapy, and/or medication may be used.


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