Urinary incontinence (enuresis) is the medical term for bed-wetting. The different types of bed-wetting that may occur include:
- Diurnal enuresis -- the involuntary voiding of urine during the day.
- Nocturnal enuresis -- an unintentional voiding of urine during sleep.
- Persistent primary nocturnal enuresis -- urinary incontinence that occurs at night.
- Adult onset secondary enuresis -- the re-emergence of nighttime incontinence.
There are many factors and theories that may be involved. Some of the possible reasons include:
- Bladder cancer
- Neurological disorders
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Prostate cancer
- Prostate enlargement
- Urinary tract infection
- Urinary tract stones
- Acute anxiety or other emotional disorders
Urinary incontinence (enuresis) is usually diagnosed based on a complete medical history and physical examination. Your doctor may perform the following to help rule out other causes:
- Urine tests (to make sure there is not an underlying infection, or condition such as diabetes)
- Blood pressure measurement
- Blood tests
Specific treatment for enuresis will be determined based on:
- Overall health and medical history
- Extent of the condition
- Tolerance for specific medications, procedures or therapies
- Expectations for the course of the condition