Acute vascular thrombosis occurs when a blood clot obstructs a vein. Blockages in these vessels can slow or even stop blood flow and cause serious consequences. Different types of vascular thrombosis occur in different parts of the body.
Angina (chest pain) indicates an underlying heart problem such as coronary heart disease, which is a result of one or more blockages in the coronary arteries. It also may signal coronary microvascular disease, which affects the heart’s smallest coronary arteries.
Aortic valve regurgitation occurs when the aortic valve does not close tightly and blood leaks back into the heart's pumping chamber when the left ventricle relaxes.
Aortopulmonary (AP) window refers to a rare defect, a hole between the wall of the aorta (the major artery that pumps blood from the heart to the rest of the body) and the pulmonary artery that pumps blood to the lungs...
Coronary arteries are the blood vessels that supply blood directly to your heart muscle. Arterial blockage often can be diagnosed using a cardiac catheterization.
Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a common structural heart defect that can be present at birth (congenital). It is a hole in the septum (wall) that separates the two upper chambers (atria) of the heart.
Atrioventricular canal defect (AV canal defect) refers to a large hole in the center of the heart that prevents the separation of all four heart chambers and requires surgical repair.
Bronchiectasis is a condition in which the airways of the lungs begin to swell. It is often caused by irritation of the airways that keeps coming back. Sometimes it begins in childhood after having a severe lung infection or inhaling a foreign object.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD) refers to a group of lung diseases that can interfere with normal breathing. Nearly 13 million Americans suffer from COPD, according to the American Lung Association, and 24 million U...
Decortication is a video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) procedure done to remove a layer of fibrous tissue that has formed around a lung. An infection, pneumonia, fibrothorax or mesothelioma are the most common causes of this coating...