The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the four main ligaments in the knee that gives the knee and leg flexibility and allows it to move easily.
Atrioventricular (AV) canal defect, also known as AV canal defect, refers to a large hole in the center of the heart that prevents the separation of all four heart chambers and requires surgical repair.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to a group of conditions that cause challenges with social interactions, repetitive behaviors, communication and navigation of the world in a socially appropriate manner.
Birth defects and malformations of the brain include neurofibromatosis type 1, tuberous sclerosis and Sturge-weber syndrome. Such defects, malformations and abnormalities of the brain or skull can be mild or severe and may affect brain growth.
A brain or spinal cord tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue within or around the brain.
Cerebral palsy is a neurological disorder caused by a brain injury or malformation during brain development.
A Chiari malformation is when the back of the brain pushes down through the bottom opening of the skull, which can obstruct the flow of cerebrospinal fluid.
Craniofacial abnormalities are abnormalities of the growth of the skull, which may constrict brain growth.
Dysplastic hips is a term used to describe a broad spectrum of abnormalities of the hip joint that can develop soon after birth or over time during childhood.
Epilepsy is a neurologic disorder which affects the nervous system; the primary symptom is seizures, a sudden surge of disruptive electrical activity in the brain.