Conditions: Cancer and blood disorders

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Several tumor types can develop in the adrenal glands, which sit on the kidneys. These two small glands produce hormones which help to control certain bodily responses, a balance frequently disrupted by tumors...

Stem cell transplant is the replacement of damaged bone marrow cells with healthy cells (stem cells). Stem cells are immature cells produced in the bone marrow that make more stem cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Stem cells used for transplants can be taken from bone marrow, from the bloodstream or from umbilical cord blood.

Brachytherapy is a radiation technique that places radioactive material inside the body very close to the tumor by using a radioactive substance sealed in needles, seeds, wires or catheters.

A brain tumor is a growth in the brain that leads to increased pressure inside the skull and the destruction and compression of normal brain tissue, causing loss of function. A brain tumor may cause headaches and seizures as well as many other nervous system problems.

Chemotherapy (chemo) refers to the use of drugs, known as chemotherapeutic agents, to kill or slow the growth of rapidly multiplying cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs are most commonly given intravenously (through an IV) or orally (through the mouth), but they can be given in other ways.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a type of cancer that causes the body to produce large numbers of white blood cells. These leukemia cells, called lymphocytes, cannot fight infection very well.

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare tumors of the GI tract. They start in special cells called the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs). ICCs are part of the autonomic nervous system and coordinate the automatic movements of the GI tract...

Hormones help some types of cancer cells to grow, such as breast cancer and prostate cancer. In other cases, hormones can kill cancer cells, make cancer cells grow more slowly or stop them from growing. Hormone therapy as a cancer treatment may involve taking medications that interfere with the activity of the hormone or stop the production of the hormones. Hormone therapy may involve surgically removing a gland that is producing the hormones.

Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is a highly precise radiation therapy technique that modulates the dose of radiation based on the shape of the tumor to deliver a sufficient dose to the tumor while sparing healthy tissue.

Lung cancer is cancer that usually starts in the lining of the bronchi (the main airways of the lungs), but can also begin in other areas of the respiratory system, including the trachea, bronchioles or alveoli.