Conditions: Bones, joints, muscles, hands, feet

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The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the four main ligaments in the knee that gives the knee and leg flexibility and allows it to move easily.


An Achilles tendon injury is an injury that happens to the largest tendon in the human body: the fibrous tissue that connects the two large muscles in the back of your calf with your heel bone. These muscles (the gastrocnemius and the soleus) create the power needed to push off with your foot or rise up on your toes.


Achilles tendon repair is the term used to refer to the multiple options for treatment for an Achilles tendon rupture. These injuries are quite common and often require surgery to repair. The Achilles tendon is the strong fibrous cord that connects the two large muscles in the back of your calf to your heel bone. These muscles (the gastrocnemius and the soleus) create the power needed to push off with your foot or rise up on your toes.


An ankle fracture occurs when one or more than one bone that makes up the ankle joint—and possibly its ligaments—breaks at or near the joint. Every year, 184 people out of every 100,000 sustain ankle fractures. This number has been going up (and the broken ankles have been getting more serious) in the last 30 years due to the increased activity of older people that has accompanied the aging of the “baby boomers.” Emergency rooms saw 1.2 million visits in 2003 because of ankle fractures alone.


Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a type of arthritis that affects the spine. "Ankylosing" means stiff or rigid, "spondyl" means spine, and "itis" refers to inflammation...


Antiphospholipid syndrome (aPL) is an autoimmune disease in which the body produces large amounts of antiphospholipid antibodies. Phospholipids are a special type of fat containing phosphate that makes up the outer walls of the body's cells...


Arthritic deformities are caused by rheumatoid arthritis which can damage bones, joints and tissues of the foot. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease that causes inflammation of the joints...


Arthritis of the elbow is a condition in which the elbow’s cartilage is injured or worn. This is a common condition in the elderly population, as one of the leading causes of arthritis is the deterioration of the cartilage over time...


Arthritis of the hip is a condition that causes the hip joint and surrounding connective tissue to be inflamed, causing pain, swelling and limited movement of the hip. Depending on the type of hip arthritis, symptoms can range from pain and swelling in the joints to difficulty using or moving the joint in a normal way.


Arthritis of the knee is a condition that causes inflammation, pain, swelling and limited movement of the knee joint and connective tissues around the knee. Arthritis is one of more than 100 types of rheumatic diseases (diseases that affect joints and connective tissues).