Carpal tunnel syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) occurs when the nerve running from the forearm to the palm of the hand (median nerve) is compressed in the carpal tunnel, a canal in the wrist formed of bone and connective tissue. The pressure on the nerve results in pain, tingling, and/or numbness, which may radiate to the fingers, forearm, and/or shoulder. In many cases, the cause of CTS is unknown, though it can be brought on by genetics, repetitive motion, injury, trauma, obesity, fluid retention, hypothyroidism, arthritis, diabetes, and pre-diabetes, as well as any other condition that causes compression of the median nerve.
Treatments and their success vary on a case to case basis, however they may include bracing, physiotherapy, steroids, or surgery. Minimizing repetitive movements, using ergonomic equipment, taking proper breaks, stretching, and isometric exercises may be effective in reducing some symptoms of CTS.