Conditions

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When it comes to pain, it can come on suddenly, or it can gradually present itself. Every individual experiences pain differently, and feelings of pain can range from minor and sporadic to severe and continuous...


Painful progressive flatfoot is a deformity in adults that occurs when soft tissues (tendons and ligaments) have been gradually stretched or torn and cannot support the arch of the foot...


Pallister-Hall Syndrome is a very rare condition caused by Hypothalamic Hamartoma (HH), a malformation in the brain. It is usually diagnosed at birth. This syndrome is characterized by extra fingers and/or toes, or the fusion of fingers or toes...


“Sweaty palms” is often a result of a stressful situation. However, excessive hand sweating, called Palmer Hyperhidrosis, occurs even without stress...


Pancreatic cancer occurs when a cell in the pancreas is damaged and this malignant (cancer) cell starts to grow out of control. Northwell Health takes the most advanced approach to treating pancreatic cancer...


Pseudocysts of the pancreas are abnormal collections of fluid, dead tissue, pancreatic enzymes, and blood that can lead to a painful mass in the pancreas...


Pancreatitis is a condition in which the pancreas becomes inflamed. The pancreas is a large gland that lies behind the stomach and next to the small intestine...


Paragangliomas form out of cells in the embryo from which the brain and spinal cord develop that arise along arterial vessels and cranial nerves in the head and neck...


Some infectious diseases are caused by parasites that grow or give off toxins that cause infection. Parasitic infections are more common in tropical and subtropical areas, but they also occur in developed countries...


Parasomnias are sleep disorders that involve a range of behaviors that occur during sleep. These include sleepwalking, sleep talking, enuresis (bed-wetting), and sleep terrors, which are non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep disorders that occur early in the night...


Parathyroid cancer can develop anywhere in four pea-sized parathyroid glands which sit on top of the thyroid gland in the neck, near the voice box (larynx)...


Parkinson's disease, also known as idiopathic or primary parkinsonism, hypokinetic rigid syndrome, or paralysis agitans, is a chronic and progressive neurodegenerative disorder primarily affecting motor function...


Focal epilepsy, also called partial epilepsy, is caused by an abnormal electrical activity which begins in one region of the brain but may spread to other areas during an episode...


Parvovirus B19 is a contagious infection that occurs more commonly in children than adults. In children, it causes fifth disease, also known as slapped-cheek disease because of its main symptom, a mild face rash...


Patent foramen ovale (PFO), a hole in the heart that can be present at birth, is a common structural heart defect. It occurs in about 25 percent of all newborns, but most people do not experience problems because of it.


Excessive foot sweating (usually with excessive hand sweating) is called Pedal Hyperhidrosis. Sometimes, this type of hyperhidrosis is part of a general sweating problem involving the whole body...


When it comes to treating pelvic floor disorders, we take a collaborative approach. Our experts understand that pelvic floor disorders, such as pelvic muscle spasm, prolapse or urinary incontinence can dramatically affect your daily life...


At Northwell Health, we work as a team to uncover the most sustainable treatment option possible for you, which means overcoming every medical obstacle in our path...


Prolapse occurs when an organ falls or sinks out of its normal location. The pelvic organs normally have tissue (muscle, ligaments, etc.) holding them in place...


Pelvic pain occurs in the lowest part of the abdomen, vagina and bladder. Depending on the cause, pelvic pain can vary in intensity and nature. It can be acute, which means the pain is sudden and severe, or chronic, meaning the pain comes and goes or is constant for a long period of time...


Pelvis fractures occur when the pelvic bone structure, which includes the coccyx, hipbone and sacrum, is disrupted. The pelvic bone forms a ring around the sacrum, a large bone shaped like a triangle that joins the upper pelvic cavity, rear pelvic cavity and base of the spine right between the hipbones...


Penile tumors are either benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous). If cancer develops, it’s almost always in the penis’ skin cells. There are four types of malignant penile tumors: Squamous cell carcinoma - these tumors account for 95 percent of all malignant penile tumors...


Pericarditis is an inflammation of the pericardium, the thin membrane that surrounds the heart. During pericarditis, fluid between the inner and outer layers of the pericardium may increase...


The word periodontal literally means "around the tooth." Periodontal diseases, also called gum diseases, are serious bacterial infections that destroy the gums and the surrounding tissues of the mouth...


Peripheral nerve disorders, also known as peripheral neuropathy, are a large group of conditions affecting the nerves around the brain and spine, which communicate with the limbs and organs...


Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a disease in which plaque builds up in the arteries that carry blood to your head, organs, and limbs. When plaque builds up in the body's arteries, the condition is called atherosclerosis. Over time, plaque can harden and narrow the arteries. This limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your organs and other parts of your body.


Peripheral vascular disease (PVD), also referred to as peripheral artery disease (PAD), is a common but serious condition in which narrowed arteries and veins outside of the heart – such as those in the arms, legs, neck or near the kidneys or intestines – reduce blood flow to the limbs, most often the legs.


Peritoneal cancer is a rare from of ovarian cancer that develops in the thin layer of tissue that lines the abdomen. This tissue, called the peritoneum, covers the uterus, bladder and rectum...


Peritonitis is an infection caused by an inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity, known as the peritoneum. The peritoneum, a thin, clear membrane, normally covers all the abdominal organs and the inside walls of the abdomen...


Personality disorders comprise a group of conditions in which sufferers display rigid and maladaptive thoughts, emotions, and behaviors that can often disrupt their personal, professional, and social lives...


Peyronie's disease, or penile curvature, is a benign condition caused by the growth of scar tissue under the skin of the penis shaft. This scar tissue prevents the normal expansion of the elastic tissue inside the penis resulting in curvature...


Many amputees experience “phantom” sensations in their amputated limbs. Phantom limb pain can be debilitating and can happen in a continuous cycle or brought on by outside factors, such as changes in the temperature or stress...


Phimosis is a constriction of the opening of the foreskin so that it cannot be drawn back over the tip of the penis. This condition is a normal occurrence in the newborn boy, but over time the skin that adheres to the tip of the penis can be retracted as the foreskin loosens...


A phobia is an uncontrollable, irrational and persistent fear of a specific object, situation or activity. The fear experienced by people with phobias can be so great that some individuals go to extreme lengths to avoid the source of their fear...


Pick’s disease, a form of frontotemporal dementia (FTD), is a rare neurodegenerative disease that causes progressive shrinking of the frontal and temporal anterior lobes of the brain...


Pineal tumors develop in the cells of the pineal gland. The pineal gland is involved in the secretion of specific hormones and is located in the center of the brain...


Tumors originating from the pituitary gland are called adenomas or carcinomas. Pituitary adenomas are benign, slow-growing masses and represent about 10% of all primary brain tumors...


The pituitary gland is complex in that it affects various parts of the body with many different hormones. Pituitary diseases that cause either an over-secretion or under-secretion of one or more of those hormones can have a wide variety of health effects and appear as any one of several pituitary disorders...


Pituitary tumors are not brain tumors. Pituitary tumors grow in the pea-sized pituitary gland, just under the brain. The great majority of pituitary tumors are cancer-free, but they can still cause problems...


Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the plantar fascia, a long, tough ligament beneath the skin on the bottom of your foot that connects your heel bone to the base of your toes...


Plantar warts are small, benign growths on the soles of the feet caused by a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). They are typically harmless but may itch and hurt...


Plaque is a colorless, sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. Plaque develops when foods containing carbohydrates (sugars and starches) are left on the teeth...


Pleural effusion is extra fluid around the lung. This often causes shortness of breath as the lung gets compressed from the fluid. The reasons for effusion are many, and the specific diagnosis is often based upon tap or drainage of the fluid.


Pneumonia is a lung infection. Patients with pneumonia can have a cough with green or bloody mucus, a fever, chills, chest pain and difficulty breathing.


A pneumothorax is a total collapse of the lung caused by air entering the pleural space between the lung and chest wall. A partial collapse of the lung is called atelectasis.


Poliomyelitis, also known as polio or infantile paralysis, is a highly infectious yet preventable viral disease that destroys spinal cord nerves, weakening or paralyzing muscles by eating away at the protective neural covering (myelin sheath)...


Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous cysts filled with fluid in the kidneys. PKD cysts can reduce kidney function and cause kidney failure...


Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous clusters of cysts (closed pockets or pouches of tissue) filled with fluid in the kidneys...


Our gynecologists at Northwell Health have found that treating polycystic ovary syndrome requires collaboration. By working step-by-step with endocrinologists, experts that deal with hormone-related issues, we guarantee that your treatment is comprehensive and thorough...


Polyneuropathy is a neurological disorder that can occur when peripheral nerves throughout your body malfunction simultaneously. This can cause sudden, acute pain, or it can be chronic, developing over a longer period of time...


If you’re a stroke survivor, it’s likely that you’ve experienced some amount of post-stroke pain. This pain varies for stroke survivors, and can range from mildly uncomfortable to severe pain...


Post-surgical pain can happen after any type of surgery whether it’s a minor outpatient procedure or a highly-complex inpatient operation. If you’re suffering from pain after a surgery, you know firsthand how it can interfere with getting back to daily living...


Posterior cruciate ligaments (PCL) are important to the function of the knee. Injuries to one’s PCL require a great deal of force, and often happen in conjunction with injuries to nearby structures including bone, cartilage and other ligaments...


Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction occurs when the tendon that attaches the calf muscle to the bone on the inner part of your foot becomes inflamed or torn...


Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), a complication of shingles, is a painful condition that affects your nerve fibers and skin. The burning pain associated with post-herpetic neuralgia can make it difficult to sleep and eat...


When it comes to helping you through postmenopause, our professionals focus on easing your symptoms and helping improve your quality of life. We analyze your current condition to find the treatment approach that best fits you, whether it’s estrogen supplements, simple lifestyle changes or laser therapy...


Perinatal psychiatric disorders, including postpartum depression, are among the most common complications of childbearing. Postpartum depression is characterized by a moderate to severe depressive episode that a mother experiences after the birth of a child...


Every family looks forward to a healthy pregnancy and to the birth of a healthy newborn. And, for the vast majority of women, pregnancy follows a fairly routine course...


Premature atrial contractions are contractions in the atria (upper chambers) of the heart that occur too early in the rhythm sequence and disrupt the heart's rhythm.


When it comes to premature menopause, the gynecologic experts at Northwell Health are devoted to researching and understanding your individual condition...


Premature superventricular contraction (PSC) refers to premature contractions originating from the ventricles, the lower heart chambers. They are called “premature” because they occur before the regular heartbeat.


Northwell Health has a robust and academic Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine (MFM). The physicians in the MFM Division completed additional years of training beyond an OB/GYN residency and are intimately familiar with cutting edge research in the field of preterm labor...


Moyamoya syndrome is sometimes seen in patients following brain radiation therapy. Moyamoya syndrome In patients who develop Moyamoya syndrome after previous brain radiation therapy, there is a greater chance of stroke, transient neurologic deficit and seizure...


Any tumor that starts in the brain is called a primary brain tumor. These brain tumors can start from the membranes around the brain (meninges), brain cells, nerves or glands...


Lymphoma is a type of cancer that begins in the cells of the lymphatic system. This type of cancer in the brain is called primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL)...


Oxalosis occurs after the kidneys fail in patients who have excess oxalate (a chemical in the body, which in elevated levels in the urine can cause serious problems)...


Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a long-term disease that impacts the bile ducts located inside and outside of the liver. This condition causes inflammation and scarring which causes the bile ducts to become blocked and bile to accumulate in the liver...


Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET) refer to tumors such as medulloblastoma, polar spongioblastoma, pineoblastoma and medulloepithelioma. They develop primarily in the cerebrum, but can spread to other parts of the brain and spine...


At Cohen Children's, we provide a number of programs and initiatives to help keep kids safe and healthy.


Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a neurodegenerative disease, and is one of the many Parkinson plus syndromes, meaning it presents with symptoms similar to Parkinson’s disease, but has a different cause...


Prostate cancer is a cancer that starts in the prostate gland. Watch the video below to learn more about what patients should know when they are diagnosed with prostate cancer...


Prostatitis is one of several benign (noncancerous), inflammatory conditions of the prostate gland. Acute prostatitis occurs suddenly with sharp, severe symptoms...


Proteinuria, also known as albuminuria or urine albumin, is a condition indicated by an abnormal amount of protein in the urine. Proteinuria is a sign of chronic kidney disease (CKD)...


The proximal tibia is the upper part of the shinbone that connects to the knee joint. Proximal tibia fractures are fairly common lower-leg injuries. They can result from low-energy injuries or a high-energy injury, ranging from slips and falls to major car accidents...


A pseudoaneurysm is a condition that is also known as a false aneurysm. A pseudoaneurysm happens when blood leaks through a rupture in the vessel wall but is contained by the adventitia or surrounding perivascular soft tissue...


Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition characterized by inflamed, red, raised areas that often develop as silvery scales on the scalp, elbows, knees and lower back...


Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis associated with psoriasis, a chronic skin and nail disease characterized by red, scaly rashes and thick, pitted fingernails...


A pulmonary embolism is an obstruction caused by a blood clot (thrombus) in the pulmonary artery that has traveled through the bloodstream (usually from a vein in the legs).


Pulmonary fibrosis is a condition in which there is scarring of the tissue in the lungs. This tissue gets thick and stiff. That makes it hard for you to breathe, and your blood may not get enough oxygen.


Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a type of coronary artery disease (CAD). This condition occurs when the pressure in the pulmonary arteries becomes abnormally elevated. There is inflammation in the lining of the pulmonary artery, which changes the cells in the lining, making it more difficult for the heart to pump blood forward into the lungs to be oxygenated.


Pulmonary valve regurgitation, also known as valve insufficiency, occurs when the heart’s pulmonary valve does not close properly, allowing some blood to leak back into the heart chamber before it flows into the lungs to be oxygenated...


Over time, the opening in a heart valve can become narrow due to a collection of calcium deposits. When the valve narrows, the heart does not pump as well. Valvular stenosis can affect the heart's aortic, mitral, pulmonary or tricuspid valves.