Glaucoma is a group of diseases that damage the optic nerve (the pathway that connects the eye with the brain and transmits visual information). Damage to the optic nerve causes irreversible loss of vision.
It is estimated that more than 3 million Americans have glaucoma, but only half of those with this condition know they have it. Glaucoma mainly occurs in older adults but can be seen in younger patients as well. With early detection and treatment, you can manage your glaucoma and preserve your eyesight.
The physicians at the Northwell Health Eye Institute treat all types of glaucoma, including:
- Open-angle glaucoma
- Narrow-angle glaucoma
- Pigmentary glaucoma
- Angle-closure glaucoma
Our practices incorporate the most modern diagnostics and our physicians provide specialized, comprehensive glaucoma care and consultations for patients with all forms of glaucoma. The Glaucoma Center at the Manhattan Eye, Ear & Throat Hospital incorporates a complete spectrum of advanced clinical care delivered by internationally recognized experts with exceptional education for residents and fellows and leading-edge clinical trials.
Early detection of glaucoma is important in slowing or preventing the progression of the disease. Our state-of-the-art diagnostic capabilities include:
- Spectral-domain and swept-source optical coherence tomography
- Adaptive optics retina and optic nerve imaging
- Ultrasound biomicroscopy
- Confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy
- Computerized visual field testing
- Electrophysiology testing (electroretinogram/visual evoked potential)
Although there's no cure for glaucoma, there are treatments that can control it and help preserve your vision. Some of the procedures we perform to help manage glaucoma include:
- Traditional glaucoma surgeries (trabeculectomy and tube shunt surgeries)
- Minimally invasive glaucoma surgeries (iStent, canaloplasty, goniotomy, Hydrus microstent and Xen Gel Stent)
- Selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT)
- Laser iridotomy
Since glaucoma is often a symptom-free disease, the only way to detect it is through eye examinations. Early diagnosis of glaucoma through proper screening is the first step to preserving vision and preventing blindness. Many of our physicians offer regular screening events for glaucoma (including low-tension glaucoma, which is frequently missed during the course of a routine eye examination).
Teaching & research
In addition to providing excellent clinical care to all our patients, our physicians are dedicated to furthering the field of medicine in all disciplines, including ophthalmology.
Many of our physicians regularly participate in the training of residents and fellows who care for patients with glaucoma. They are actively engaged in glaucoma research with the Feinstein Institutes for Medical Research and publish their findings in peer-reviewed journals. Our physicians are often investigators in clinical trials and can enroll patients who meet certain criteria in appropriate trials, which can help determine the best new treatments for a variety of conditions.