Your heart's arteries may become blocked or narrowed due to a buildup of cholesterol, cells or other substances (plaque). Sometimes a blood clot can form or worsen, and it can completely block blood flow, causing a heart attack. Angioplasty is a surgery done to open blocked arteries and restore normal blood flow. It is not a major surgery and causes little pain.
Anti-coagulant medications, also known as blood thinners, are used to prevent blood clots that can obstruct veins and arteries. They are given to a variety of patients, including those undergoing open heart or bypass surgery, those on prolonged bed rest and those who are prone to strokes or heart attacks.
Artery bypass surgery is a surgical procedure in which an alternative pathway is created for blood flow to reroute your blood supply around a blocked artery.
There are many types of diagnostic vascular procedures, which are used to detect blockages or narrowing of the veins and arteries. These procedures provide critical diagnostic information in the evaluation of a variety of vascular diseases.