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An acoustic neuroma, also called a vestibular schwannoma, is a noncancerous growth or tumor on the auditory nerve near the inner ear. The auditory nerve carries sound impulses from the ear to the brain.
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a type of cancer that causes the body to make too many white blood cells (lymphocytes). Unlike regular white blood cells, these lymphocytes, called leukemia cells, cannot fight infection very well.
Several tumor types can develop in the adrenal glands, which sit on the kidneys. These two small glands produce hormones which help to control certain bodily responses, a balance frequently disrupted by tumors.
Anal cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the anus, which is the opening at the end of the rectum. Anal cancer is not common and is often curable.
Next to gallstones, cancer is the most common cause of bile duct obstruction. The majority of bile duct cancers develop in the part of the ducts that are outside the liver and are sometimes referred to as extrahepatic tumors.
Bladder cancer is the rapid, uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the bladder. The cancerous cells may spread through the lining into the muscular wall of the bladder.
Bone cancer is a condition in which cells grow abnormally within the bones. There are two types of bone cancer: primary bone cancer, which starts in the bones, and secondary bone cancer, which starts in another part of the body and travels to the bones. Secondary bone cancer is the most common of the two.
A brain tumor is a growth in the brain that leads to increased pressure inside the skull and the destruction and compression of normal brain tissue, causing loss of function. A brain tumor may cause headaches and seizures as well as many other nervous system problems.
Breast cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow out of control in the breast. These cancer cells can spread within the breast to nearby lymph nodes and other tissues and parts of the body.